Chinese Dietary Therapy is an integral part of Chinese Medicine and is based upon the principles of the Four Qi (warm and hot, cool and cold) & Five Tastes.
Common Yin-Yang Food Actions
Warming (Warm &Hot) Cooling (cool & cold)
Sweet, Pungent Salty, Bitter, Sour
Energising Building-Blood & Fluid
Ascending Energy Descending Energy
Vegetation above ground Vegetation below ground
SWEET – Yang, heating, Earth Element, affinity with Late Summer/Transition, moves upwards & outwards, enters the Spleen (the master of digestion and also includes the pancreas), strengthens, harmonises, moistens dryness (good), produces Dampness (bad), builds tissue (good), creates fat (bad). The Sweet taste relates to the Earth element, which is associated with the Spleen and Stomach. Foods with a naturally sweet flavour, such as certain vegetables, fruits, grain and meats are strengthening, boost the Qi (energy) and moisten by producing fluids. However, if too much sweet food in the form of sugars, sweeteners and juices are taken in, it will lead to Dampness and depress the Spleen. The energy of the Spleen has 2 massive functions:It transports and transforms everything within the body.The 5 tastes/flavours also correspond to the organ systems.
SALTY – Yin, cooling, Water Element, affinity with Winter, moves downwards & inwards, enters the Kidney and Bladder, regulates fluids, detoxifies, softens (good), hardens (bad). A small amount of the salty taste has the action of taking things down and softening hard lumps – this is usually done with a particular salty herb combined with several other Chinese herbs, An excess of salt tends to take things upwards and create hardening.
BITTER – Yin, cooling, Fire Element, affinity with Summer, descending, enters the Heart (paired with the Small Intestine), reduces excess, promotes digestion, dries Dampness and clears Heat (good), too much will cause dryness (bad).
SOUR – Yin, cooling, Wood Element, affinity with Spring, contracting & astringent, stops leakage, enters Liver (paired with the Gall Bladder) , consolidates (good), tenses (bad).
PUNGENT, AROMATIC, SPICY – Yang, warming, Metal Element, Lungs and Large Intestine, affinity with Autumn, energy moves upwards & outwards, promotes circulation, aids digestion, induces sweating, enters the Lung – Distributes (good), scatters (bad). If a person’s energy is weak, avoid pungent foods, as the pores in the upper body will open and energy will leak out e.g. avoid curries.
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